FACTS & FIGURES
Length 1,370 km
Coverage Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, and Delhi
Tributaries Chambal and Betwa
Important cities Delhi, Agra, and Allahabad
HISTORY & MYTHOLOGY
The Yamuna and the Ganges are considered the most sacred rivers in India.
Yamuna, according to the legends, was the daughter of Surya, the Sun God, and sister to Yama, the God of Death.
Consequently, popular belief has it that those who take a dip in the holy waters of the source stream are not tormented by fears of death.
The main reason why it is so revered is that it flows through Vrindavan and Mathura, and is thus intimately connected to Lord Krishna’s pastimes. As far as sanctity is concerned, the River Yamuna is more directly connected with Lord Krishna than the Ganges.
The Lord sanctified the River Yamuna from the beginning of his transcendental pastimes in the world.
While His father Vasudeva was crossing the Yamuna with baby Lord Krishna for a safe place at Gokul on the other bank of the river from Mathura, the Lord fell down in the river, and by the dust of His lotus feet the river at once became sanctified.
ALONG THE RIVER
A bath in this river is said to be one hundred times more purifying than a bath in the Ganges.
The reason being that even though the Ganges was once touched by the feet of Lord Vishnu, it was the Yamuna where Lord Krishna Himself played and swam with His cowherd friends.
He also sported in its waters with the beautiful gopis of Brajbhoomi.
Yamunotri, which is north of Haridwar in the Himalayan Mountains, is the source of the Yamuna. It is about 234 km north of Haridwar. Technically the source of the Yamuna is Saptarishi Kund, a glacial lake.
To get there one has to climb from Yamunotri 12 km right up the mountain. From Yamunotri the Yamuna flows south until it reaches Delhi.
It then flows to Braj Mandala through Vrindavan and Mathura. From there, it goes through Agra and eventually merges with the Ganges and the underground Saraswati at Prayag (Allahabad).